The Elder Futhark is the oldest form of the runic alphabets. It was a writing system used by Germanic Tribes between the 2nd and 8th centuries. Each rune has a unique meaning and associations and are often used for divination or inscribed into items for protection or other manifestations. While there are a number interpretations for the meaning of these runes, below are a general overview including their modern alphabet and colour associations.
Ansuz [AE] Æsir (original pantheon of gods); ancestors, signs, ancient wisdom - indigo/purple
Algiz [EA] elk or moose; protection, power, long winters, life - white
Berkana [B] birch tree; Goddess, fertility, birth, growth, new beginning - white/green
Dagaz [D] day; dawn, between the worlds, time, passage of time, change - pale violet
Ehwaz [E] horse; movement, safe journey, progress, transition, freedom- blue
Fehu [F] wealth or cattle; material wealth, fulfillment, survival, prosperity - green
Gebo [G] gift or to give; union, partnership, friendship, gratitude, giving - pink/red
Hagalz [H] hail (from precipitation); destruction, rebirth, transformation, awakening- white/blue
Isa [I] ice and glaciers; immobility, stagnation, rest period, stop slander - white/silver
Jera [J] year or harvest; rewards, tangible results from work, bounty - white/green
Kenaz [K/C] either ulcer or torch; transforming fire, enlightenment, wisdom, insight - white/gold
Laguz [L] water or lake; fluidity, water, psychic power, intuition, vitality - blue/violet
Mannaz [M] man; self, self-improvement, community, balanced living- indigo/violet
Nauthiz [N] need; hardship, challenge, overcome obstacles, evolution - white/blue
Inguz [NG] the god Yngvi; the Horned God, fertility, family, completion, masculine - indigo
Othila [O] heritage or estate; possessions, home, social status, acquisitions - white/gold
Perth [P] possibly a fruit tree; destiny, forces of life, unexpected lucked, divination- blue/green
Raido [R] ride or journey; travel, quest, find what is sought, life changing opportunity- blue/violet
Sowelu [S] sun; life, Sun wheel, wholeness, healing, vital energy, power - orange/gold/red
Teiwaz [T] the god Tyr; victory, success, courage, favourable outcome, justice - white/gold
Thurisaz [TH] the god Thor; protection, cosmic order, foes neutralised, defense - black
Uruz [U] aurochs (extinct large, wild cattle); strength, physical health, courage, power, wild- green/brown
Wunjo [W] win or joy; comfort, happiness, harmony, peacefulness, bliss- pink/yellow
Eihwaz [Z] yew tree; travelling the Underworld, cycle of life, transformation, change - indigo/purple
Wyrd [-] unknowable fate, destiny, cosmic influence - black/white
We work these rune symbols into pendants made with real twigs and gemstones encased in copper which you can find in our Shop. We can also create pendants from your own rune staves or bind rune designs, simply Contact Us with your requirements, we love working on these unique, personal items!
There are lots of different ways to use rune stones for divination, if you purchase or make a set of runes, here are some simple ways to use them to gain clarity and guidance. Divination connects you with your subconscious, to focus on the questions that have been bothering you and to find answers.
This is the simplest way to use your rune stones. Place them all in a bag or pouch and think of your question / concern. When you are ready pick a single stone from the bag.
As above for the single rune draw but instead draw three stones. These stones represent the current situation, the challenges you face and the action to take. Alternatively, you can read them as the past, present and future influences on the matter.
Five Rune Cross
This combines both of the above readings - take five stones and place them in a cross pattern, one stone at the bottom, three across and one at the top. The bottom stone represents your challenge / question. The three middle stones represent the past, present and future influences, and the top stone represents the action required.
Start by selecting nine stones (or just pick a handful if you prefer) from your rune pouch but instead of placing them in a pattern, shake and drop them (like dice) and let them spread randomly. You can do this on a rune cloth if you have one, which will help you identify the centre of the casting. There are several interpretations on how to read a rune casting but it is generally agreed that the stones in the centre reflect the most important / current circumstances. Outer stones are seen as either less important events or outside influences. If a stone falls off the cloth some ignore it, while others see them as particularly significant. Stones that fall face down are seen as either future or external influence which indicate new possibilities. Touching stones are considered to be related or read together, while stones on the opposite edges of the cloth can be seen as opposing.